Progeria is one of the rarest genetic conditions in the world where a normal child starts aging fast after he or she is one year old. The aging process is similar to that of an elderly person only that in this case it is accelerated. Ironically, it is not passed down from generation to generation but rather it is natural occurring considering there have been no reports of two children from the same biological parents having suffered it.
Top 10 Progeria Facts
So far it is estimated that at least one child in 8 million births will have Progeria. Some of the Progeria facts that surround this rare genetic condition are listed below.
1. Average Life Expectancy
Most children with Progeria live up to teenage to early twenties.
2. First Progeria Symptoms
The first sign is scleroderma which is a skin condition which indicates incapacity to thrive.
3. When Progeria Symptoms Arrive
Progeria patients will start noticing the symptoms when the child is about 18-24 months whereby signs and symptoms progress with age.
4. Multiple Other Symptoms
The child will have wrinkled skin, suffer from atherosclerosis, poor eyesight, hair loss, kidney failure as well as cardiovascular problems.
5. Musculoskeletal Degeneration
A child with Progeria may suffer from musculoskeletal degeneration where there is loss in muscle and body fat, suffer from hip dislocations which are not common with elderly people.
6. Mental Development is Not Affected
On the other hand, the genetic condition does not interfere with the normal motor and mental development.
7. How Progeria Diagnosed
The usual test for this condition is a genetic test that verifies LMNA Mutation which will affirm the Progeria condition.
8. Progeria Treatments
So far, there is no treatment that has proven effective and even the few attempts made to correct this rare genetic condition have been to improve the condition of the Progeria child.
9. Progeria Research
Medical researchers have tried the Growth hormone treatment, a few anti-cancer drugs and a drug known as pravastatin which is known to lower cholesterol levels and prevent development of hypercalcaemia.
10. Current Number of Progeria Cases
Today, there exists around 80 discovered cases of Progeria on earth.
Most of genetic mutations conditions have no particular treatment but rather interventions to manage their symptoms. It is important to note that no matter how old Progeria children look like if they are still 2 years old they will do all the things a 2 year old does